Values can be defined as broad preferences concerning appropriate courses of action or outcomes. As such, values reflect a person's sense of right and wrong or what "ought" to be. "Equal rights for all", "Excellence deserves admiration", and "People should be treated with respect and dignity" are representative of values. Values tend to influence attitudes and behavior. - Wikipedia
What you value is critically important. Your values will have a tremendous impact on your life. I wasn’t taught this, I had to learn it. It makes no sense to me that we don’t have a formal education in values or a philosophy of life. We have values that permeate our society (freedom), and religion and other organizations may explicitly address them, but there really isn’t a strong focus on them in society. We may say we value helping people, but then why do we not have universal health care? Why do we have a homeless population? Why do we have millions of people in prison? If we value personal freedom, why are some drugs legal while others are not?
TODO: the line between philosophy and science (testibility), thinking about things in a healthy and productive way, human nature, reason is part of our human nature and sets us apart,